Top science spot atomic basics Atomicbasics by AFS Mezikulturní programy, o.p.s. - i - Internet/ atomic basics call ___________________________ element a: atomic shape 1. Draw five protons within the nucleus of the atom. Label them with their rate. 2. Draw six neutrons in the nucleus of the atom. 3. Draw two electrons in the first strength degree and label them with their price. four. Draw 3 electrons within the 2nd power stage and label them with their rate. five. What detail is represented by way of the diagram? ____________ element b: atomic calculations 6. Label the records provided within the periodic table. 7. What does the atomic variety constitute? ____________________ or ____________________ 8. What does the atomic mass represent? ____________________ ____________________ 9. How would you discern the range of protons or electrons in an atom? 10. How would you figure the quantity of neutrons in an atom? eleven. Use your know-how of atomic calculations to finish the chart. element atomic range atomic mass protons neutrons electrons li p cl ni k ag h si w ne 8 o oxygen 15.999 / part c: electron configuration 12. How many electrons can each degree keep? 1st = _____ 2d = _____ 3rd = _____ 13. What term is used for the electrons within the outermost shell or strength degree? ____________________ 14. Scientists use types of diagrams to expose the electron configuration for atoms. Observe your instructor’s guidelines to finish the diagrams. sulfur atomic # = 16 atomic mass = 32 protons = ____ neutrons = ____ electron = ____ 15. Calculate the missing records after which draw the bohr diagram and lewis shape for every element. 16. Answer the questions below based totally at the elements in question #15. (1) which factors had a filled outermost shell? _____ _____ (2) which detail might be most in all likelihood to lose electrons in a chemical bond? _____ (3) which detail might be most possibly to gain electrons in a chemical bond? _____ (4) which elements aren't probable to bond with different factors? _____ _____ why? _________________________ bohr diagram indicates all electrons lewis structure suggests valence electrons s atomic # = three mass # = 7 # of p = ____ # of n = ____ # of e = ____ li atomic # = 10 mass # = 20 # of p = ____ # of n = ____ # of e = ____ ne atomic # = 12 mass # = 24 # of p = ____ # of n = ____ # of e = ____ mg atomic # = 17 mass # = 35 # of p = ____ # of n = ____ # of e = ____ cl atomic # = 2 mass # = 4 # of p = ____ # of n = ____ # of e = ____ he atomic # = 14 mass # = 28 # of p = ____ # of n = ____ # of e = ____ si / atomic fundamentals answer key part a: atomic shape 1. Draw 5 protons within the nucleus of the atom. Label them with their charge. 2. Draw six neutrons in the nucleus of the atom. 3. Draw two electrons inside the first electricity degree and label them with their fee. four. Draw three electrons within the 2nd strength degree and label them with their charge. 5. What element is represented with the aid of the diagram? Boron component b: atomic calculations 6. Label the data provided in the periodic desk. 7. What does the atomic range represent? protons or electrons eight. What does the atomic mass constitute? protons neutrons nine. How would you determine the variety of protons or electrons in an atom? Use the atomic quantity 10. How could you discern the wide variety of neutrons in an atom? Subtract the atomic quantity from the atomic mass 11. Use your knowledge of atomic calculations to complete the chart. element atomic wide variety atomic mass protons neutrons electrons li three 4 3 p 15 16 15 cl 17 18 17 ni fifty nine 28 28 okay 19 19 20 ag 108 47 forty seven h 1 zero 1 si 14 28 14 w 17 174 17 ne 10 20 10 note: the range protons and electrons is identical to the atomic variety. To discover neutrons, subtract the range of protons from the atomic mass. To find the atomic mass, add the wide variety of protons and neutrons. 8 o oxygen 15.999 atomic quantity image call atomic mass / element c: electron configuration 12. How many electrons can each stage hold? 1st = 2 2d = eight third = 18 thirteen. What time period is used for the electrons in the outermost shell or energy stage? Valence 14. Scientists use two forms of diagrams to show the electron configuration for atoms. Comply with your trainer’s directions to finish the diagrams. sulfur atomic # = 16 atomic mass = 32 protons = 16 neutrons = sixteen electron = 16 15. Calculate the missing statistics and then draw the bohr diagram and lewis shape for each element. 16. Solution the questions beneath based at the factors in query #15. (1) which elements had a crammed outermost shell? He.
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